Untouchable, also called Dalit, officially Scheduled Caste, formerly Harijan, in traditional Indian society, the former name for any member of a wide range of low-caste Hindu groups and any person outside the caste system.
What is the lowest social class in India?
“Untouchable” is a name for members of the lowest caste in India, called Dalit or nowadays “Scheduled caste”. The word “Dalit” stands for “suppressed, smashed, broken into pieces” in Sanskrit. 200 million Indian people are still considered to be members of this caste.
What are the 5 levels of the caste system?
Caste System in Ancient India
- Brahmins (priests, gurus, etc.)
- Kshatriyas (warriors, kings, administrators, etc.)
- Vaishyas (agriculturalists, traders, etc., also called Vysyas)
- Shudras (laborers)
What is low caste in India?
Dalit (from Sanskrit: दलित, romanized: dalita meaning “broken/scattered”, Hindi: दलित, romanized: dalit, same meaning) is a name for people belonging to the lowest caste in India, characterised as “untouchable”.
Does India have a caste system?
The caste system, as it actually works in India is called jati. The term jati appears in almost all Indian languages and is related to the idea of lineage or kinship group. There are perhaps more than 3000 jatis in India and there is no one all-Indian system of ranking them in order of status.
Which caste is powerful in India?
Next to Brahmans are the Kshatriyas in varna ranking. They comprise very powerful castes as they are traditionally warriors and play a major role in defence.
What are the 5 castes in India?
Indian society was divided into five castes:
- Brahmins: the priestly caste. After their religious role decreased they became the caste of officialdom.
- Kshatriya: warrior caste. …
- Vaisya: the commoner caste. …
- Sudras: represented the great bulk of the Indian population. …
- Untouchables: descendants of slaves or prisoners.
Which is richest caste in India?
Top 10 Richest Caste in India
- Sikh. …
- Kayasth. …
- Brahmin. …
- Banias. …
- Punjabi Khatri. …
- Sindhi. …
- Rajput. The Rajput group is typical of India’s ancient warrior or Kshatriya category. …
- Christians. Christianity is the country’s wealthiest faith.
What religion is caste system?
The caste system is the Hindu social and religious hierarchy, created a few thousand years ago. Traditionally, a person’s caste is determined at birth and channels them into that caste’s occupation. At the top are Brahmins, priests and religious scholars.
Which caste is Patel?
Other than the North, Patels can notably be found in Central,… Patel caste is called “ Patidar, ” and Patel is a Kurmi caste in India.
Can a person change his caste in India?
Changing a Caste
Caste change can be achieved legally only when someone has been adopted. … In the case of marriage, it is not legally possible to change from Scheduled Caste (SC) to Other Backward Classes (OBC) or religion, as instructed by the Supreme Court.
Who made caste system in India?
According to the social historical theory, the origin of caste system finds its origin in the arrival of Aryans in India. The Aryans arrived in India in around 1500 BC. The Aryans disregarded the local cultures.
Which caste is general?
Forward caste (referred as General Class/General Category/Open Category) is a term used in India to denote castes whose members are on average ahead of other Indians economically and socially.