At that time, Lord Hardinge was the Governor General of the British held territories in India, and he was the one that shifted the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi. Calcutta however, remained the capital of Bengal, and later on West Bengal.
What was the capital of British India before Delhi?
In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi. Construction began in 1912 at a site about 3 miles (5 km) south of the Delhi city centre, and the new capital was formally dedicated in 1931.
Who was the last Governor General of Bengal and the first Governor General of British India?
Governor-General of India
|Viceroy and Governor-General of India|
|Formation||20 October 1773|
|First holder||Warren Hastings|
|Final holder||Lord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)|
|Abolished||26 January 1950|
Why was India capital changed from Calcutta to Delhi?
Delhi was inaugurated as the capital of India 86 years ago. The British government believed that ruling India from Delhi was easier and more convenient than from Calcutta. Four million British pounds was the cost of shifting the entire administration from Calcutta to Delhi.
Which is the 2nd capital of India?
During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the latter half of the 19th century, Shimla had become the summer capital. King George V proclaimed the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the climax of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.
What is India’s largest city?
India: Major Cities
- New Delhi, India’s capital, is a modern city with a population of more than 7 million people. …
- Bombay (Mumbai), India’s largest city, has a metropolitan area population of more than 15 million. …
- Calcutta (Kolkata) is India’s second largest city.
What is difference between governor and Governor General?
The post of Governor-General of India and Viceroy was preceded by Governor of Bengal. When the East India Company came to India, it controlled Bengal through the post of Governor of Bengal.
Difference between Viceroy and Governor-General.
|Aspect||Governor-General of India||Viceroy of India|
|Duration of Post||1833-1858||1858-1948|
Who was the best Viceroy of India?
Top 15 British Viceroys of India
- Viceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):
- Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):
- Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):
- Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):
- Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):
- Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):
- Viceroy # 7. …
- Viceroy # 8.
Who was the governor of Bombay?
Raja Maharaj Singh was the first Indian Governor of Bombay after independence.
Deputy Governors of Bombay (1668–1690)
|Left office||13 November 1669|
|Years in office||2|