The scarcity of water in India affects hundreds of millions of people across the country. A major portion of the population does not have a reliable and constant means of getting water for their daily needs. In June 2019, 65% of all reservoirs in India reported below-normal water levels, and 12% were completely dry.
Is India under water stress?
India placed thirteenth among the world’s 17 ‘extremely water-stressed’ countries, according to the Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas released by the World Resources Institute (WRI). The country, followed by neighbouring Pakistan, was under ‘extremely high’ levels of baseline water stress.
How bad is the water crisis in India?
A NITI Aayog report in 2018 stated bluntly that 600 million people, or nearly half of India’s population, face extreme water stress. That three-fourths of India’s rural households do not have piped, potable water and rely on sources that pose a serious health risk.
Why is India water Stressed?
As groundwater resources come under increasing pressure due to over-reliance and unsustainable consumption, wells, ponds and tanks dry up. This has escalated the water crisis and placed an even greater burden of accessing water on women.
What is India’s water crisis?
India’s water crisis is often attributed to lack of government planning, increased corporate privatization, industrial and human waste and government corruption. In addition, water scarcity in India is expected to worsen as the overall population is expected to increase to 1.6 billion by year 2050.
Which country will run out of water first?
How bad could it be? According to current projections, Cape Town will run out of water in a matter of months. This coastal paradise of 4 million on the southern tip of South Africa is to become the first modern major city in the world to completely run dry.
Which state has most water in India?
Odisha had the largest combined area of water resources in India, with around 998 thousand hectares of water resources as of 2018.
Who controls water India?
At the central level three Ministries have responsibilities in the sector: The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (until 2011 the Department of Drinking Water Supply in the Ministry of Rural Development) is responsible for rural water supply and sanitation; the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation …
Which 21 Indian cities will run out of groundwater by 2020?
Twenty one cities in India including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad – will run out of groundwater by 2020, affecting around 100 million people, claims a report by NITI Ayog. The report also says that 40 per cent of India’s population will have no access to drinking water by 2030.
How does India conserve water?
In parts of the rural areas of India, floodwater quickly flows to the rivers, which then dry up soon after the rains stop. If this water can be held back, it can seep into the ground and recharge the groundwater supply. This has become a very popular method of conserving water especially in the urban areas.
Which parts of India are water stressed?
Atal Jal is being implemented in 80 water stressed districts of Seven States viz. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh as a pilot project. The districts have been identified based on the criticality of groundwater situations as proposed by the participating States.
How much of India has no water?
More than 50% of the population has no access to safe drinking water and about 200,000 people die every year for lack of access to safe water. India is currently facing the biggest crisis in its history.
Who is the founder of India?
Jawaharlal Nehru, the Founder of Modern India: The Architect of Indian Planning for Political, Economic, and Social Structure Hardcover – Import, 1 December 1989.
Is it safe to drink water in India?
Is drinking water in India safe? Water in India is extremely polluted and unsafe. Access to treated piped water continues to be inadequate for the majority of the population in India.
Where is India’s water?
The major rivers of India are: Flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Brahmaputra, Ganges, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, etc. Flowing into the Arabian Sea: Indus, Narmada, Tapti, etc.