What happened after India got independence?

When British rule came to an end in 1947, the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims. … The Constitution adopted in 1950 made India a democratic country, and this democracy has been sustained since then.

What happened to India after the British left?

In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.

What happened after the partition of India?

In August 1947, British India won its independence from the British and split into two new states that would rule themselves. The new countries were India and Pakistan. … East Pakistan later split from Pakistan and became Bangladesh in 1971.

What happened to Gandhi after he helped India get independence?

In 1915, Gandhi returned to India, where he supported the Home Rule movement, and became leader of the Indian National Congress. … After independence, Gandhi tried to stop the Hindu-Muslim conflict in Bengal, a policy which led to his assassination in Delhi by a Hindu fanatic.

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Why did Britain give up India?

1947: Partition of India

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.

Was India rich before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858)

Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.

Who opposed the partition of India?

The Hindu, Christian, Anglo-Indian, Parsi and Sikh communities were largely opposed to the partition of India (and its underlying two-nation theory), as were many Muslims (these were represented by the All India Azad Muslim Conference).

WHO declared the partition of India?

The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan, due to presented religious issues. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country. The main spokesperson for the partition was Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

How many died in the partition of India?

The next day, Hindus struck back, and the violence continued for three days in which approximately 4,000 people died (according to official accounts), both Hindus and Muslims.

What are three ways British rule harmed the Indian economy?

Contents:

  • Disruption of the Traditional Economy.
  • Ruin of Artisans and Craftsmen.
  • Impoverishment of the Peasantry.
  • Ruin of Old Zamindars and Rise of New Landlordism.
  • Stagnation and Deterioration of Agriculture.
  • Development of Modern Industries.
  • Poverty and Famine.
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Who is Gandy India?

Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.

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