Local tribes were relocated and conscripted into forced labor on the mission, stretching from San Diego to San Francisco. Disease, starvation, over work and torture decimated these tribes. Many were baptized as Roman Catholics by the Franciscan missionaries at the missions.
What happens if a Native American left the mission without permission?
Baptized Indians who left without permission were hunted down as “runaways,” and often punished severely on recapture.
What things did Native Americans learn about at missions?
There these California Indians learned how to farm and make new things. “However, once they came to the missions, some California Indians were not free to leave. They were forced to give up their way of life and work hard. They also had to learn Spanish and follow Catholicism, the religion of the Catholic church.
How did they treat the natives?
The English treated the Natives as inferior, believed they stood in the way of their God-given right to the land in America and tried to subject the Natives to their laws as they established their colonies. … The Natives did not appreciate any of this.
What was life like in the missions?
The missionaries themselves lived a life of piety and poverty and were in constant danger and fear for their lives. Along with their Indian charges, they, too, toiled in the missions, farmlands, and ranches.
Why did Native Americans agree to work missions?
The main goal of the California missions was to convert Native Americans into devoted Christians and Spanish citizens. Spain used mission work to influence the natives with cultural and religious instruction.
What happened to native Californians?
Between 1849 and 1870 it is conservatively estimated that American colonists murdered some 9,500 California Natives, and acts of enslavement, kidnapping, rape, child separation and displacement were widespread, encouraged, carried out by and tolerated by state authorities and militias.
Did Apaches live in Texas?
A number of Apache peoples have roots in Texas, but during the prehistoric period they lived in the northern Plains and Canada. As they moved south, they did not settle in the Plateaus and Canyonlands but, rather, in and around the Southern Plains of Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico.
Why was life difficult at the mission for the American Indians?
Disease, starvation, over work and torture decimated these tribes. Many were baptized as Roman Catholics by the Franciscan missionaries at the missions.