The Indian Ocean trade routes used the geography to their advantage by utilizing the several islands along the way. The increased ports allowed for more goods to be traded. Because the ships couldn’t go on forever, having numerous ports on the way to the destination kept trade even more functional.
What was an advantage of Indian Ocean trade over the Silk Road?
Both routes specialized in luxury goods, namely silk, porcelain, and spices. While both routes carried luxury goods to European markets, the Indian Ocean route also carried common goods, such as grain. This is because a ship can carry much more cargo for cheaper than a camel can.
How did Indian Ocean trade compare to the Silk Road?
The Silk Road route was predominantly on land and crossed water ways at the Mediterranean Sea while the Indian Ocean trade route moved predominantly on water (Indian Ocean) between ports. … The products that went across both routes included silk and spices from the East and processed textiles from the West.
Why was the Indian Ocean trade so successful?
Long before Europeans “discovered” the Indian Ocean, traders from Arabia, Gujarat, and other coastal areas used triangle-sailed dhows to harness the seasonal monsoon winds. Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well.
Why was the Indian Ocean trade network important?
As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa. … These were Africa’s imports in the Indian Ocean Trade. The city-states along the eastern coast of Africa made ideal centers of trade. An important attraction was the gold obtained from inland kingdoms.
Why is the Silk Road & Indian Ocean trade network significant to world history?
The Silk Road was a vast trade network connecting Eurasia and North Africa via land and sea routes. The Silk Road earned its name from Chinese silk, a highly valued commodity that merchants transported along these trade networks. Advances in technology and increased political stability caused an increase in trade.
Who dominated Indian Ocean trade?
But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.
What were some effects of trade on the Indian Ocean?
Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.
How did people travel on the Silk Road?
Merchants and tradesmen traveled in large caravans. They would have many guards with them. Traveling in a big group like a caravan helped in defending from bandits. Camels were popular animals for transport because much of the road was through dry and harsh land.
What religion did the Silk Road spread?
Buddhism. The Silk Road provided a network for the spread of the teachings of the Buddha, enabling Buddhism to become a world religion and to develop into a sophisticated and diverse system of belief and practice.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
What was China’s role in Indian Ocean trade?
China’s expansion in the Indian Ocean calls for European engagement. The Indian Ocean is a critical link in global trade routes, with 80 percent of global seaborne trade passing through it. … Eighty percent of China’s oil imports come through the Malacca Strait, the Indian Ocean’s busiest “chokepoint”.