The industrial revolution began with the birth of textile manufacturing in England. Since India was under the imperial control of Britain, Indian farmers (as well as farmers all across the British empire) were forced to grow cotton to fuel the English factories.
When was the Industrial Revolution in India?
Industrialization is a process in which the economy is transformed from agricultural goods to the manufacturing of goods and labour replaced by mechanized mass production. And the period of Industrialization is called Industrial Revolution which started in the 19th century.
Why was there no Industrial Revolution in India?
India missed the first and second Industrial Revolutions in the 19th and early 20th centuries as it was then fodder for colonial industrialisation. It also missed the third technology-driven one, since it came at a time when India’s economic policies were not conducive to technology.
How India was affected by the Industrial Revolution?
Indian farmers were forced to produce cotton plantation so that it can fuel English factories as India was then under British rule. 4. Industrial Revolution brought severe consequences to society. Farmers were forced to grow cash crops in place of food crops, which resulted in awfully deadly famines in India.
Who started the Industrial Revolution in India?
However, the Industrial Revolution came late to India. This was mainly because of India’s complicated political and economic relations with Britain. India dominated the cotton textile market in the 18th century. It took a severe hit when the Industrial Revolution began in England around 1760s.
What was the first Indian industry to attract European?
Answer: The fine qualities of cotton and silk produced in India had a big market in Europe. Indian spices like pepper, cloves, cardamom and cinnamon too were in great demand. Hence European trading companies were attracted to India.
Did India benefit from the Industrial Revolution?
The Industrial Revolution is a period in history from approximately 1770 through 1850 which was characterized by a change in the manufacturing process through the use of machinery and other innovations. … India, however, did not benefit from the Industrial Revolution in the way that Great Britain did.
Who is the father of Industrial Revolution in India?
Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata was an Indian industrialist and entrepreneur who founded the Tata Group, India’s biggest conglomerate company. The massive success which the Tata Group enjoys today was the result of the vision and mission of one man — Jamsetji Tata, who is also regarded as the “Father of Indian Industry”.
Was India a rich country before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.
How did Europe affect India?
The Europeans came to India to trade for sugar, tea, cotton, ginger, pepper, and other spices, a blue dye called indigo, and jute. Jute is a tropical plant used for making rope. Eventually, India’s Mughal rulers became puppets of the British.
Why the Industrial Revolution was bad?
Although there are several positives to the Industrial Revolution there were also many negative elements, including: poor working conditions, poor living conditions, low wages, child labor, and pollution. … Industrial towns contained many polluting factories. Child Labor (Mining) in the Industrial Revolution.