Over half of India’s population works in agriculture, and monsoon rains directly affect their incomes and livelihood. Agriculture adds up to more than 15% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which means that when crops fail because of too little rain, the economy suffers.
How do monsoons affect India?
Heavy summer monsoons can cause great damage. Residents of such urban areas as Mumbai, India, are used to the streets flooding with almost half a meter (1.5 feet) of water every summer. However, when the summer monsoon is stronger than expected, floods can devastate the region.
How does monsoon affect our life?
The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and is key to the success of the agriculture sector, There is a 75% probability of below normal rainfall this June, which could decrease to 55% in July, the two months when rains are critical for the sowing of kharif (summer) crops.
How does monsoon affect the economic life in India?
The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of rice, wheat, sugarcane and oilseeds, such as soybeans. Farming makes up about 15% of India’s $2.5 trillion economy but employs more than half of its 1.3 billion people.
How do monsoons affect India quizlet?
Terms in this set (12) How does the monsoon affect Indian farmers? The farmers depended on the rain from the Southwest monsoons. they needed the rain to come at the right time so that their crops were not destroyed.
What are 3 effects of a dry monsoon?
Yet the main health hazards during summer monsoon season are diseases like cholera, dengue, chikungunya, and malaria, as well as stomach and eye infections.
How long do monsoons last?
The official “monsoon season” in the Southwest starts June 15 and lasts until September 30. Some residents like the break from the 100+ degree heat and the rare wonder of precipitation falling from the heavens.
Are monsoons good or bad?
Monsoons are both helpful and harmful.
Although we often associate monsoons with harmful and destructive rain storms, the rains they bring are important for crop production. Summer monsoons in Asia are essential to bring enough water to the area to grow rice and other crops.
What are the advantages of monsoons?
- Monsoon rains give a good beneficiary for the farmers and agriculture.
- The rainfall helps in storing water for irrigation, electric power and drinking.
- A proper usage of monsoon leads to the prosperity for agriculture and everyone.
- Specific crops-rice and tea-depend only on monsoon rainfall.
Who is affected by monsoons?
Monsoons occur in some of the world’s most densely populated countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Taiwan, Singapore, and the Philippines. Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. 3.2 C).
Why India is called gamble in monsoon?
Monsoon derived from the Arabic word ‘Mausim’ which means a seasonal reversal of winds. … The Indian agriculture is considered a gamble against monsoon because agricultural activities over almost all parts of India are very much dependent upon the monsoon rainfall.
What is Indian economy is mainly dependent on?
One of the most important sectors of the Indian economy remains Agriculture. Its share in the GDP of the country has declined and is currently at 14%. However, more than 50% of the total population of the country is still dependent on agriculture.
What is the main characteristics of Indian climate?
The climate of India is characterised by the complete reversal of the wind system with the change of seasons. During the winter season, the winds generally blow from northeast to southwest (land to sea), while in summer season the winds blow from southwest to northeast (sea to land).