EEOC is responsible for enforcing, among other laws, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination based on race or national origin in any aspect of employment. However, businesses owned by American Indian or Alaskan Native tribes are not covered by Title VII.
Can you sue an Indian tribe for discrimination?
And here’s the rub, legally speaking: Indian tribes cannot be sued in state court without their consent.
Who does EEOC apply to?
Most employers with at least 15 employees are covered by EEOC laws (20 employees in age discrimination cases). Most labor unions and employment agencies are also covered. The laws apply to all types of work situations, including hiring, firing, promotions, harassment, training, wages, and benefits.
Who is exempt from EEOC?
You cannot discriminate against or harass applicants, employees or former employees because of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, sexual orientation, or gender identity), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information (including family medical history).
Do Indian reservations have to follow labor laws?
By a unanimous vote, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the tribe must comply with federal labor law at its Casino Pauma in southern California. … The 9th Circuit acknowledged that such an approach might in fact be considered “reasonable” in light of the NLRA’s silence toward Indian Country.
Can tribal members be sued?
The Court held that even where the tribe had defaulted on the note and breached the contract, a tribe cannot be sued for such breach of contract in either state or federal court. … As a matter of federal law, a tribe is subject to suit only where Congress has authorized the suit or the tribe has waived its immunity.”
Can Tribal members sue their own tribe?
What is sovereign immunity? It protects governments from lawsuits.  If you bring a court case against a tribe over ICRA violations, the tribe has a sovereign immunity defense. You can only sue it if it has waived (given up) its immunity or consented to being sued.
What can the EEOC do to an employer?
The EEOC investigates complaints of discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age and disability. In general, only employers with 15 or more employees are subject to EEOC oversight. Any employee can file an EEOC complaint, not just those who have been victims of discrimination.
What is unfair treatment by employer?
Unfair treatment can include being passed over for a promotion or better opportunity because of nepotism, favoritism, or office politics. It can include a boss who is a bully and yells and screams at you for no reason.
What is the difference between EEOC and DFEH?
The EEOC is the federal civil rights agency that enforces federal civil rights law. The DFEH is the state civil rights agency that enforces California civil rights law. … EEOC only accepts complaints if the employer has 15 or more employees. DFEH accepts complaints if the employer has 5 or more employees.
What qualifies as an EEOC complaint?
You can file a formal job discrimination complaint with the EEOC whenever you believe you are: Being treated unfairly on the job because of your race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, gender identity, and sexual orientation), national origin, disability, age (age 40 or older) or genetic information; or.
What are the criteria for EEOC compliance?
To comply with EEO requirements, you must treat all people fairly regardless of national origin, race, religion, color, sex (including pregnancy and sexual orientation), disability or genetic information.
Is EEO training mandatory?
While it’s not mandatory for most businesses to participate in training, companies that hire employees usually require EEO training as part of their human resources policies.