Delhi was officially announced as the capital of British Raj by the then-Emperor George V, on December 12, 1911. The capital was shifted from Calcutta as Delhi was the financial and political seat of many earlier empires and was located closer to the geographical center of India.
Why did the British shift their capital from Calcutta to Delhi?
* Another main reason for the capital shift was the location of Delhi. Calcutta was situated in the eastern coastal part of the country, while Delhi was located in the northern part. * The British government also believed that ruling India from Delhi was easier and more convenient than from Calcutta.
Why did India move its capital?
On this day December 12th, in 1911, India moves its capital from Calcutta to Delhi. One of the primary reasons for this move was because Calcutta had proven to be a breeding ground for revolution against the British Empire’s rule over India. … New Delhi is one of nine cities within Delhi.
Why did the British choose Calcutta?
In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement. The site was carefully selected, being protected by the Hooghly River on the west, a creek to the north, and by salt lakes about two and a half miles to the east.
What is the capital of Bombay?
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city.
Why Delhi is the capital?
When the decision to move capitals was made, Delhi was a natural choice. Delhi had served as the political, financial, and cultural center of many past Indian empires, such as the Mughal Empire from 1649 to 1857.
Which is the most beautiful garden in Delhi?
Five Most Amazing Gardens of Delhi
- Lodhi Garden. Located near the Safdarjung tomb, it is the most popular garden of Delhi. …
- Garden of Five Senses. Located near the Mehrauli-Badarpur road, this garden sprawls across an area of 20 acres. …
- Japanese Park. …
- Deer Park. …
- Nehru Park.
Who built Delhi?
In 1911 the British determined to shift the capital of India from Calcutta (Kolkata) to Delhi, and a three-member committee was formed to plan the construction of the new administrative centre. The key architect on the committee was Sir Edwin Lutyens; it was he who gave shape to the city.