Why did Ceylon become such an important location for Indian Ocean trade?

Strategic situation. The island of Ceylon was strategically important, since it commanded the Indian Ocean. Thus it controlled access to India, the vital Allied shipping routes to the Middle East and the oilfields of the Persian Gulf. Ceylon held most of the British Empire’s resources of rubber.

Why was the Indian Ocean trade route important?

As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa. … These were Africa’s imports in the Indian Ocean Trade. The city-states along the eastern coast of Africa made ideal centers of trade. An important attraction was the gold obtained from inland kingdoms.

Which was the most important port of Indian Ocean trade on west coast of India?

The dhow trade was particularly important in the western Indian Ocean, where those vessels could take advantage of the monsoon winds; a great variety of products were transported between ports on the coast of East Africa and ports on the Arabian Peninsula and on the west coast of India (notably Mumbai, Mangaluru ( …

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Who established the Indian Ocean trade?

The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicut, but the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east–west trade.

What was the most important thing that helped Indian Ocean trade be reliable and flourish?

The use of the compass allowed maritime trade to be more efficient and travel farther.

What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?

. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.

What goods were traded along the Indian Ocean?

Trade Routes on the Indian Ocean

  • Mediterranean Basin.
  • Ceramics, Wine, Gold, Olive Oil, Glassware.
  • East Africa.
  • Ivory, Gold, Iron Goods, Slaves, Quartz, Tortoiseshells, Leopard Skins.
  • Arabia.
  • Frankincense, Myrrh, Perfumes.
  • India.
  • Grain, Ivory, Precious Stones, Cotton Textiles, Spices, Timber, Tortoiseshells.

When was Indian Ocean trade at its highest?

During the medieval era (400–1450 CE), trade flourished in the Indian Ocean basin.

Who made cloth with silk from China and cotton from India?

These are, first, that China sold silk textiles to India throughout nearly two millennia from the early years of the Han dynasty (206 BCE to 220 CE) to the period of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644 CE), and did so even though Indians began producing the cloth in the early Gupta period and vastly expanded silk cloth …

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What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean trade took off and was so popular?

What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean Trade took off and was so popular? They were seasonal and consistent. Monsoons would help carry ships from Africa to India between April and September. … Muslim merchants because they had money to build ships.

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