Who introduced subsidiary Alliance policy in India who accepted this plan first?

Subsidiary Alliance System was first introduced by the French East India Company Governor Joseph Francois Dupleix. It was later used by Lord Wellesley who was the Governor-General of India from 1798 to 1805. Early in his governorship, Lord Wellesley adopted a policy of non-intervention in the princely states.

Which states accepted the subsidiary alliance?

After the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the Maratha ruler Baji Rao II also accepted a subsidiary alliance. several states like: Hyderabad (1798 and 1800), Tanjore (1799), Awadh (1801), Bhonsle (1803), and Indore(1817) adopted this system.

What are the merits and demerits of subsidiary alliance?


  • the Britishers being traders wanted quick profits. They got a large sum of revenue from subsidiary alliance.
  • This also increased their power and resources.
  • The British Indian army was maintained at the cost of Indian money.
  • The rulers entering into subsidiary alliance accepted British as the supreme authority.

Who abolished subsidiary alliance?

In AD 1802, Peshwa Baji Rao II also subjugated his state under this policy. Many Maratha states like Bhosle and Scindia in AD 1803 also accepted the terms of the policy. 4. The last Maratha Confederation i.e. Holkars too accepted the terms of the subsidiary alliance.

What is subsidiary Alliance very short answer?

Subsidiary alliance is a system developed by the East India Company by Lord Wellesley. … An Indian ruler entering into a subsidiary alliance with the British had to accept British forces in his territory and also agreed to pay for their maintenance.

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What was subsidiary Alliance Class 10?

The Subsidiary Alliance, led by the Indian kingdoms lost their sovereignty to the British. This was basically a treaty between the Indian Princely states and the British East India company. The term was introduced by French Governor Dupleix but was put to practice by Lord Wellesley.

What are the main features of Doctrine of Lapse?

Key points of Doctrine of Lapse

  • Policy to expand British territory in India on basis of pro-imperialistic approach.
  • State must be handed over to British, if they have no heir or ruler.
  • Adoptions of child were not accepted for heir.
  • Policy was not in support to give title and pension to adopted child of rulers.
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