Calcutta was established in the year 1686 as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. On August 24, 1686, Job Charnock, who was believed to be the founder of Calcutta first came to the village of Sutanuti as a representative of the British East India Company to establish a factory.
Why was Calcutta the capital of British India?
Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. … Calcutta at that time was described as a pestilential town. There were few good roads.
Is Kolkata a dead city?
In 1985, prime minister Rajiv Gandhi dubbed Kolkata a “dying city” in light of its socio-political woes. … The city is also experiencing marked growth in its manufacturing base.
Is Kolkata a poor city?
Calcutta is unique among Indian cities. Not for its poverty and destitution, although it has become world famous for that. It is unique because alone of all the cities in the vast Indian sub-continent it has an underground railway. There is only one line about 10 miles long with 16 stations.
Which city is known as London of India?
Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India. It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports.
How was Calcutta named?
Following English transcription, “Kāl Kāʈa” became “Calcutta”. The name may have its origin in the words khal meaning “canal”, followed by kaṭa, which may mean “dug”. The name may have been derived from the Bengali term kilkila (“flat area”).
What is the old name of Bengal?
The name of Bengal or Bangla is derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga, or Banga. In early Sanskrit literature references to the name of Banga occur, through its early history is almost obscure until the 3rd century BC. However, Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the State.
Why did the British choose Bengal?
The beginnings of British political sway over India may be traced to the battle of Plassey in 1757, when the English East India Company’s forces defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal. … Bengal was the most fertile and the richest of India’s provinces. Its industries and commerce were well developed.
Who invented Mumbai?
King Bhimdev founded his kingdom in the region in the late 13th century and established his capital in Mahikawati (present day Mahim). The Pathare Prabhus, among the earliest known settlers of the city, were brought to Mahikawati from Saurashtra in Gujarat around 1298 by Bhimdev.