The standard meridian of India is 82°30’E. It passes through Mirzapur (Uttar Pradesh). The time of this meridian is taken as the standard time for the whole country.
Which meridian is the standard meridian of India and why?
-In India, the longitude of 82° E (82° 30′ E) is treated as the standard meridian and the nearby time at this meridian is considered as the standard time for the entire nation. It is considered as the Indian Standard Time (IST).
Which is the standard meridian?
Standard Meridian is the longitude which is used to describe time of a country. It ideally should be the same for the whole country and all the places in a country should follow this same time. The standard meridian of India is 82.5 ° E and it passes through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.
What are the two names of the 0 degree meridian?
The meridian that runs through Greenwich, England, is internationally accepted as the line of 0 degrees longitude, or prime meridian.
Why do we need a standard meridian where is it located?
The time of a place depends on the longitude that passes through it. Therefore, the standard time for each country is usually taken as the time of the central meridian that passes through it. … Thus, we need a standard meridian for the country. In India 82 ½ °E longitude determines the standard time.
Why is the standard meridian important?
The standard Meridian, from which time and geographical location of a country is calculated and it is the most important longitude of a country. Latitudes and Longitudes which are also known as the Geographical coordinates, play an important role in fixing local time and navigation.
Why is 82.30 has been selected?
2 Answers. The Earth has been divided into 24 time zones of one hour each. … This causes a time lag of 2 hrs from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh to avoid confusion and to have a standard time for reference, The 82.30’Eastern Longitude has been taken as the standard time for the whole country.
What is the total length and width of India?
India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west.