In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
How did the British keep control of India?
The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. The British were very effective at infiltrating these states and gradually taking control.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.
Why did British quit India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?
The disadvantages were that they were subject to cholera, smallpox, and other diseases. Civil servants serving in India under the British East India Company died at twice the rate of those at home in England.
Why was India so valuable to the British Empire?
India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.
As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. … Indian troops helped the British control their empire, and they played a key role in fighting for Britain right up to the 20th century.
Was India the richest country in history?
‘India’ was the largest economy in the world for most of the next three millennia, starting around the 1st millennia BCE and ending around the beginning of British rule in India.
What is the richest country in history?
10 Countries With the Richest Histories
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How was India so rich?
India, a former British colony that has been independent for over 70 years, is currently one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. Agriculture, once India’s main source of revenue and income, has since fallen to approximately 15.87% of the country’s GDP, as of 2019.