What led the English to fortify the established Calcutta?

The French East India Company had established its settlement at Chandernagore. There was a trade rivalry between the French and the British, and resultantly, the English East India Company too began to build fortifications around its own settlement at Calcutta. … He ordered both the parties to destroy the fortifications.

Why did the British fortify their settlement in Calcutta?

Siraj-ud-Daulah ordered the British to pay taxes to him like all other Indian merchants. The British refused to do so. This angered the young nawab. In anticipation of a war with the French, who had a trading settlement in Chandemagore, the British began to fortify Calcutta.

How was Calcutta founded and how did it Fortify?

The East India Company chose the place for a trade settlement. In 1698, the Company bought three villages (Sutanuti, Kalikata and Gobindapur) from a local landlord family of Sabarna Roy Choudhury. … The Calcutta Municipal corporation (now renamed Kolkata Municipal Corporation) was formed and the city had its first mayor.

What was Calcutta called before?

Although the city’s name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation.

IMPORTANT:  How can I adopt a lion in India?

How did Kolkata get its name?

The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. … According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal).

Why did the British choose Bengal?

The beginnings of British political sway over India may be traced to the battle of Plassey in 1757, when the English East India Company’s forces defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal. … Bengal was the most fertile and the richest of India’s provinces. Its industries and commerce were well developed.

What is the old name of Bengal?

The name of Bengal or Bangla is derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga, or Banga. In early Sanskrit literature references to the name of Banga occur, through its early history is almost obscure until the 3rd century BC. However, Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the State.

Is Kolkata a poor city?

Calcutta is unique among Indian cities. Not for its poverty and destitution, although it has become world famous for that. It is unique because alone of all the cities in the vast Indian sub-continent it has an underground railway. There is only one line about 10 miles long with 16 stations.

Is Kolkata a developed city?

KOLKATA: A report by London-based global management consulting group — AT Kearney — on the world’s fastest growing cities has named Kolkata, Mumbai and Bangalore as India’s top three cities based on the Global Cities Index (GCI).

IMPORTANT:  Quick Answer: What were the trading Centres of the English East India Company?
Magic India