What is the condition of groundwater in India?
India is the largest user of groundwater in the world. It uses an estimated 230 cubic kilometers of groundwater per year – over a quarter of the global total. More than 60% of irrigated agriculture and 85% of drinking water supplies are dependent on groundwater.
Is India running out of ground water?
An increasing population and inadequate surface water is fast depleting the country of its groundwater resources. Groundwater has been declining at an alarming rate in India, which is expected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country in less than a decade. …
What is the main problem associated with ground water in India?
Ground water level in India has become scarce due to its overuse. Moreover, it is getting contaminated due to use of excessive chemicals and fertilisers in agriculture, dumping of industrial wastes, rapid urbanisation and increase of sewage disposal in water etc.
What is the source of groundwater in India?
Rainfall is the major source of ground water recharge in India, which is supplemented by other sources such as recharge from canals, irrigated fields and surface water bodies.
Why is India’s water so abstracted?
Rising sea surface temperatures in the Indian Ocean may be linked to this decline, they found. This “has partially contributed to the decline in groundwater” due to lower recharge levels, he explained. And when monsoonal rainfall is lower, farmers rely more on groundwater, so extraction is higher, he stressed.
Which 21 Indian cities will run out of groundwater by 2020?
Twenty one cities in India including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad – will run out of groundwater by 2020, affecting around 100 million people, claims a report by NITI Ayog. The report also says that 40 per cent of India’s population will have no access to drinking water by 2030.
Which country will run out of water first?
How bad could it be? According to current projections, Cape Town will run out of water in a matter of months. This coastal paradise of 4 million on the southern tip of South Africa is to become the first modern major city in the world to completely run dry.
Which Indian cities will run out of water?
And not just Chennai, cities across India have been facing acute water shortages due to massive population growth and rapid, unplanned urbanisation. A 2018 study published in Nature projected that by 2050, Jaipur would have the second-highest water deficit in the world, with Chennai at #20.
Why does India have no water?
India’s water crisis is often attributed to lack of government planning, increased corporate privatization, industrial and human waste and government corruption. In addition, water scarcity in India is expected to worsen as the overall population is expected to increase to 1.6 billion by year 2050.
What is the main problem associated with ground water?
Pollution. Pollution is one of the main environmental issues that groundwater faces. Groundwater pollution comes from many sources, and this happens when harmful substances get into the soil.
How much groundwater is overused India?
Groundwater includes borewells, wells , pipelines,and many others. So, in India, their overuse is one-third of the country.
How do you solve ground water problems?
Top 10 List
- Go Native. Use native plants in your landscape. …
- Reduce Chemical Use. Use fewer chemicals around your home and yard, and make sure to dispose of them properly – don’t dump them on the ground!
- Manage Waste. …
- Don’t Let It Run. …
- Fix the Drip. …
- Wash Smarter. …
- Water Wisely. …
- Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle.