The Constitution adopted in 1950 made India a democratic country, and this democracy has been sustained since then. India’s sustained democratic freedoms are unique among the world’s newly independent states. The nation has faced religious violence, casteism, naxalism, terrorism and regional separatist insurgencies.
Who Ruled India after independence?
Two governors-general held office between independence and India’s transformation into a republic: Lord Mountbatten (1947–48) and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1948–50).
Dominion of India.
|Union of India Bhāratiya Adhirājya|
|• 1947–1948||Lord Mountbatten|
|• 1948–1950||Chakravarti Rajagopalachari|
|• 1947–1950||Jawaharlal Nehru|
What has India achieved since independence?
In its 72 years of independence, India has several achievements to its credit. It has built a modern economy (second fastest growing economy), remained a democracy, lifted millions out of poverty, has become a space and nuclear power and developed a robust foreign policy.
What happened in India after the British left in 1947?
In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
What happened to India after the British left?
On the 15th August 1947, India ceased to exist as a British colony. In its place were created two separate sovereign states, India and Pakistan. … Almost immediately after the two new states who were independent of British rule came into being, the withdrawal of British troops from the nation began.
Does Britain still rule India?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
Where is India’s economy ranked in the world?
Ranking the Richest Countries in the World
|Top Ten Countries by Nominal GDP at Current U.S. Dollar Exchange Rates|
What happened to India after WWII?
After the end of the war, India emerged as the world’s fourth largest industrial power and its increased political, economic and military influence paved the way for its independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
Was India rich before British rule?
As per Utsa’s research, the country’s per capita income was almost steady during the period from 1900 to 1945-46. In 1900-02, India’s per capita income was Rs 196.1, while it was just Rs 201.9 in 1945-46, a year before India got its independence.
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
Who Ruled India first?
The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
Was India the richest country?
‘India’ was the largest economy in the world for most of the next three millennia, starting around the 1st millennia BCE and ending around the beginning of British rule in India. … The Indian subcontinent had the largest economy of any region in the world for most of the interval between the 1st century and 18th century.