The company established trading posts in Surat (1619), Madras (1639), Bombay (1668), and Calcutta (1690). By 1647, the company had 23 factories, each under the command of a factor or master merchant and governor, and 90 employees in India.
What were the English trading Centres?
The English had established their trading centers at Surat, Agra, Ahmadabad, and Broach.
What did the British East India Company trade?
Incorporated by royal charter on December 31, 1600, it was started as a monopolistic trading body so that England could participate in the East Indian spice trade. It also traded cotton, silk, indigo, saltpeter, and tea and transported slaves.
Why did Britishers leave India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus.
Who set up first trading Centre in India?
The British ships landed on Indian Subcontinent at the port of Surat, Aug 24, 1608, for the purpose of trade. Mughal Emperor Jahangir granted a farman to Captain William Hawkins permitting the East India Company to erect a factory at Surat in 1613.
What is the nickname of the English East India Company?
The Honourable East India Company (HEIC) was incorporated on 31 Dec 1600 by Queen Elizabeth I and was often called by its nickname John Company.
Who gave permission to East India?
Queen Elizabeth I of England grants a formal charter to the London merchants trading to the East Indies, hoping to break the Dutch monopoly of the spice trade in what is now Indonesia.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
Who allowed British to enter India?
Elizabeth granted her permission and on 10 April 1591 James Lancaster in the Bonaventure with two other ships sailed from Torbay around the Cape of Good Hope to the Arabian Sea on one of the earliest English overseas Indian expeditions.
Did India exist before the British?
Even during Ashoka’s time or during the Mughal period, we see ‘India’ existing as a cultural or political idea.” “But it’ll be nonsense to say that there was an idea of India as a nation-state before the colonial period. … Burma, which was a part of the British Raj, was not seen as a part of India by our forefathers.