City #9:Shahjahanabad (The City of Shah Jahan, Old Delhi): The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, the grandson of Akbar, started building his new capital, what is now called Old Delhi, in 1638. He surrounded the city with a wall and put in four gates; Ajmeri Gate, Delhi Gate, Kashmiri Gate and Turkman Gate.
Who built Delhi city?
In 1911 the British determined to shift the capital of India from Calcutta (Kolkata) to Delhi, and a three-member committee was formed to plan the construction of the new administrative centre. The key architect on the committee was Sir Edwin Lutyens; it was he who gave shape to the city.
Was Delhi a walled city?
Built in the 1650s, the wall surrounded emperor Shahjahan’s new capital Shahjahanabad (the seventh city of Delhi is relatively a new city but today, ironically, is known as Old Delhi). The wall was originally 6km long, with 13 gates and 14 smaller wicket gates, called khidkis. Most of them are lost.
Why did British called Delhi as Walled city?
Old Delhi or Purani Dilli is an area part of the greater city of Delhi, India. It was founded as a walled city named Shahjahanabad in 1639, when Shah Jahan (the Mughal emperor at the time) decided to shift the Mughal capital from Agra.
|Old Delhi Purani Dilli|
What is India’s old name?
Though not all of India, Aryavarta was the name for the Northern region of India. A name that is still used, the Persians named India Hind or Hindustan. India is officially called Bharat or the Republic of India and is called so after the Ruler Bharata.
What is the difference between Old Delhi and New Delhi?
Old Delhi is the most historic part of the metropolis, with its origins dating back to the time of the Moghuls. In contrast, New Delhi was designed by the British during colonial times, with much of the architectural work being down to Edwin Lutyens in the 1920s and 1930s.
How did Delhi change after 1857?
Changes made to the city of Delhi by the British after the revolt of 1857: … The area around the Red Fort was cleared of gardens, pavilions and mosques because the British wanted the people in Delhi to forget their Mughal past. Most mosques were either destroyed or put to other uses.
Why did the British made New Delhi different from Old Delhi?
The British called the city ‘New Delhi’, signifying that Shahjahanabad was now ‘old Delhi’, outmoded and outdated. “This is a continuing and frequent trope of empire, to build a new city, a new capital to prove that there is an improvement on what was there earlier,” says Menon.