More recently, Urdu has mainly been connected with the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, but there are many major works of Urdu literature written by Hindu and Sikh writers. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Urdu was chosen to be the national language of the new country.
Is Urdu official language of India?
Urdu is spoken as a first language by nearly 70 million people and as a second language by more than 100 million people, predominantly in Pakistan and India. It is the official state language of Pakistan and is also officially recognized, or “scheduled,” in the constitution of India.
When did Urdu become an official language?
Urdu is the national language of Pakistan . It is the national language of Pakistan since the Pakistan is declared as the independent state at 14 August, 1947. The 1973 Constitution recognizes Urdu as Pakistan’s only national language.
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Which is older Hindi or Urdu?
Urdu is not older than hindi. As hindi is the native language of hindustan, whereas urdu was developed by different language like persian, arabic, pashto etc. It came into existance in early mughal era.
Is Urdu derived from Sanskrit?
Urdu like any other Indic language comes from the vernecular Sanskrit, called Prakrit. There were several Prakrits spoken that gave birth to the Indo-Aryan languages spoken today i.e. Bengali, Marathi, Nepali, Punjabi, Sindhi, Bhojpuri, Hindko etc.
Which is oldest language?
Seven oldest surviving languages in the world.
- Tamil: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 300 BC. …
- Sanskrit: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 2000 BC. …
- Greek: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 1500 BC. …
- Chinese: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 1250 BC.
Is Urdu a dying language?
It is thus, a sad truth that Urdu lacks significantly as compared to many foreign languages. … Millions of Urdu speakers, readers and writers not only enjoy the language but also take immense pride in it. To call Urdu a dying language as of yet, is rather harsh, but it is indeed, in a gradual decline.
Is Urdu a beautiful language?
Urdu has been called one of the most beautiful and sophisticated languages spoken around the world. … Today, there are over 170 million native speakers of Urdu in India and Pakistan alone and taken by itself, Urdu is the 20th most populous native language spoken around the world.
Which language is spoken most in world?
English is the largest language in the world, if you count both native and non-native speakers. If you count only native speakers, Mandarin Chinese is the largest. Mandarin Chinese is the largest language in the world when counting only first language (native) speakers.
How old is the Urdu language?
Urdu Language – history and development
Urdu started developing in north India around Delhi in about the 12th century. It was based on the language spoken in the region around Delhi, and it was heavily influenced by Arabic and Persian, as well as Turkish.
Is Hindi spoken in Pakistan?
Hindi is also spoken amongst the small Indian community in Pakistan. The Indian High Commission in Islamabad operated a Hindi school which gave classes to the children of expatriates.
What is the old name of Urdu language?
From the 13th century until the end of the 18th century the language now known as Urdu was called Hindi, Hindavi, Hindustani, Dehlavi, Lahori, and Lashkari.
Is Arabic older than Hindi?
THE CLASSIC ARABIC IS OLDER THAN HINDI , ACTUALLY HINDI HAS CAME INTO EXISTANCE AROUND — 1000 A.D, BY DISTINCTION OF SANSKRIT . Arabic is an ancient language derived from hebrew script, whereas hindi is derived from sanskrit devanagiri script. …