In any event, there is significant correlation between data on assets and income/expenditure. Based on these parameters there are actually five middle classes in India: Rural Middle Class, Public Sector Middle Class, Urban Private Sector Middle Class, Trader Middle Class and Rising Middle Class.
What are the 5 castes in India?
Indian society was divided into five castes:
- Brahmins: the priestly caste. After their religious role decreased they became the caste of officialdom.
- Kshatriya: warrior caste. …
- Vaisya: the commoner caste. …
- Sudras: represented the great bulk of the Indian population. …
- Untouchables: descendants of slaves or prisoners.
How many caste are there in India?
The Indian constitution, in Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 lists 1,108 castes across 25 states in its First Schedule, while the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule.
How many lower caste are there in India?
India is home to over 200 million Dalits. According to Paul Diwakar, a Dalit activist from the National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights, “India has 600,000 villages and almost every village a small pocket on the outskirts is meant for Dalits.”
Which caste is top in Hindu?
At the top of the hierarchy were the Brahmins who were mainly teachers and intellectuals and are believed to have come from Brahma’s head. Then came the Kshatriyas, or the warriors and rulers, supposedly from his arms. The third slot went to the Vaishyas, or the traders, who were created from his thighs.
Which caste is richest in India?
Top 10 Richest Caste in India
- Sikh. …
- Kayasth. …
- Brahmin. …
- Banias. …
- Punjabi Khatri. …
- Sindhi. …
- Rajput. The Rajput group is typical of India’s ancient warrior or Kshatriya category. …
- Christians. Christianity is the country’s wealthiest faith.
Are SC ST Hindu?
Under the constitutional order, 1950 as amended in 1990, SCs can be only from Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists while STs can be from any of the religions.
Which caste is Patel?
Other than the North, Patels can notably be found in Central,… Patel caste is called “ Patidar, ” and Patel is a Kurmi caste in India.
Is Kataria a low caste?
Their clans are known as atak, and there are said to be at least eighty four ataks. The Kataria are a community of small and medium-sized farmers. Most of their settlements are exclusively Kataria, and each of them contains an informal caste association.
Is caste a class?
Difference between Caste and Class is explained here in detail. A caste is a form of social stratification determined by one single factor i.e. ritualistic legitimation of authority. Class of a person is based on multiple factors like economic status, education, power, achievements etc.
How big is the Indian middle class?
Economists from Mumbai University in India defined the middle class as consumers spending from US $2 to $10 per capita per day. 13 By this definition, approximately half of India’s population of 1.3 billion is now in the middle class.
How are caste and class related?
While caste is perceived as a hereditary group with a fixed ritual status, a social class is a category of people who have a similar socio-economic status in relation to other segments of their community or society. … Caste works as an active political force in a village but not the class.
Which is single largest caste in India?
Ahir or Yadavs are the single largest community in India. Comprising upto 16% of the total population in India.
Which caste is general?
Forward caste (referred as General Class/General Category/Open Category) is a term used in India to denote castes whose members are on average ahead of other Indians economically and socially.
Which caste is smallest?
The lowest caste was the Dalits, the untouchables, who handled meat and waste, though there is some debate over whether this class existed in antiquity.