The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.
What caused the Indian Ocean trade?
One of the reasons Indian Ocean trade took off is that there were a wide range of resources available and a wide range of import needs — from ivory to timber to books to grain. But the most important thing was the wind. The Indian Ocean is home to a set of very special winds called Monsoons.
Why was the Indian Ocean a prime place for trading?
Muscat’s importance as a transit port for Arabian (Persian) Gulf commerce was ideal for American coastal trade. The Omani-American commercial agreement resulted in the growth of American trade throughout the African states of Oman as well.
How did trade in the Indian Ocean change over time?
The Indian Ocean commerce was subject to many changes from 650 CE to 1750 CE. … (one continuity)The Indian Ocean trade was made easier by the monsoon winds that circulated between Asia and the Eastern coast which reduced travel times, and produced favorable wind currents.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
Which country controls Indian Ocean?
However, the Indian Navy claims the entire Indian Ocean as its area of responsibility and prides itself on being the first to respond to natural and humanitarian disasters there. While France and India are the key regional players on security, the UK also plays an important role.
How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?
During the Muslim period, in which the Muslims had dominated the trade across the Indian Ocean, the Gujaratis were bringing spices from the Moluccas as well as silk from China, in exchange for manufactured items such as textiles, and then selling them to the Egyptians and Arabs.
How much sea does India own?
The Indian Ocean covers 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi), including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf but excluding the Southern Ocean, or 19.5% of the world’s oceans; its volume is 264,000,000 km3 (63,000,000 cu mi) or 19.8% of the world’s oceans’ volume; it has an average depth of 3,741 m (12,274 ft) and a maximum …
Why did Portugal control trade in the Indian Ocean?
The aim of Portugal in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.
What did Aden trade in the Indian Ocean trade?
After they arrived in Aden, they were taken to Africa, Europe and the rest of the Arab world. The commodities imported into India included incense, Arabian horses, gold and dry fruits, among other products.
Why were the Portuguese able to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean?
11. Why were the Portuguese able to establish fortified bases in the Indian Ocean region so quickly and easily? their ships could outgun and outmaneuver competing naval forces, while their onboard cannons could devastate coastal fortifications. … List some ways the Portuguese tried to dominate Indian Ocean trade.