How did census help British understand India?

The sociologist Michael Mann says that the census exercise was “more telling of the administrative needs of the British than of the social reality for the people of British India.” The difference of the nature of Indian society during the British Raj from the value system and the societies of the West were highlighted …

Why was there a British census in India?

The creation of the Census was driven mainly by the British emphasis on administration, rather than a genuine desire to uncover the characteristics of India’s population. In fact, the first Census in 1871 was partially a reaction to the 1857 Rebellion.

Why was census as a concept put forward by Britishers?

British used the census to counter the emerging nationalism and to pursue their policy of divide and rule. The British administrators used census findings to institutionalize divisions amongst the people of India.

What is the role of census in Indian society?

The Indian Census is the most credible source of information on Demography (Population characterstics), Economic Activity, Literacy and Education, Housing & Household Amenities, Urbanisation, Fertility and Mortality, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Language, Religion, Migration, Disability and many other socio- …

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When was the census carried out by British in India?

The first synchronous census was taken under British rule on February 17, 1881, by W.C. Plowden, Census Commissioner of India. Since then, censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten years.

Who is the father of Indian census?

Therefore, Henry Walter is known as the ather of Indian Census. This was followed by a second census that was conducted in 1836-37 and was overseen by Fort St. George.

What was IMR during British India?

The infanct moratlity rate during the British rule in India was 218 per thousand live births.

What are census and why did British focus on it?

The censuses were designed more for social engineering and to further the British agenda for governance rather than to uncover the underlying structure of the population.

Why do we need census?

The census tells us who we are and where we are going as a nation, and helps our communities determine where to build everything from schools to supermarkets, and from homes to hospitals. It helps the government decide how to distribute funds and assistance to states and localities.

Why is census so important?

Why is the census important? The census population count determines how many representatives each state will have in Congress for the next 10 years and how much federal funding communities will receive for roads, schools, housing and social programs.

Why is census important for a country?

The census ensures that each community gets the right number of representatives in the government and informs your socioeconomic development planning. … Population demographic: Helps identify sex, age, geographical and occupational distribution of the population which is used in socioeconomic studies and projects.

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