The gopura is a tall pyramidal temple gateway that has been a distinctive feature of South Indian religious architecture for the past millennium.
What is temple tower called?
Shikhara, (Sanskrit: “mountain peak”) also spelled shikara, also called shikar, in North Indian temple architecture, the superstructure, tower, or spire above the sanctuary and also above the pillared mandapas (porches or halls); it is the most dominant and characteristic feature of the Hindu temple in the north.
What is the temple architecture in South India?
South Indian temple architecture, also called Drāviḍa Style, architecture invariably employed for Hindu temples in modern Tamil Nadu from the 7th to the 18th century, characterized by its pyramidal, or kūṭina-type, tower. Variant forms are found in Karnataka (formerly Mysore) and Andhra Pradesh states.
What are the different parts of south Indian temple?
The basic form of a Hindu structural temple consists of the following.
- Garbhagriha: It literally means ‘womb-house’ and is a cave like a sanctum. …
- Mandapa: It is the entrance to the temple. …
- Shikhara or Vimana: …
- Amalaka: …
- Kalasha: …
- Antarala (vestibule): …
- Jagati: …
What are Gopurams and Mandapas?
In the Hindu temple the mandapa is a porch-like structure through the (gopuram) (ornate gateway) and leading to the temple. It is used for religious dancing and music and is part of the basic temple compound. The prayer hall was generally built in front of the temple’s sanctum sanctorum (garbhagriha).
What is a four storey temple called?
A gopuram or gopura (Sanskrit: गोपुरम्, gopuram, Tamil: கோபுரம், Malayalam: ഗോപുരം, Kannada: ಗೋಪುರ, Telugu: గోపురం) is a monumental entrance tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of a Hindu temple, in the Dravidian architecture of the Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, and Telangana states of Southern …
Which is the best example of Chola temples?
The best example of Chola temple is the Brihadeshvara or Shiva temple at Tanjavur.
How old are south Indian temple?
The one which is 1005 years old
A splendid example of Tamil architecture under the Chola Dynasty, The Brihadeeshwar temple is located in the city of Thanjavur. One of the most famous South Indian temples, it is a part of “Great Living Chola Temples”. This majestic and grand temple is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Who added impressive Gopurams to many South Indian temples?
Later, king Vijaya Raghava Nayak of the Vijayanagara Empire added the thousand pillar hall, the outer compound, and the large gopuram. Details of these constructions are recorded on inscriptions inside the temple. Annamalaiyar Temple covers 10 hectares, and is one of the largest temples in India.
Why Hindu temples are built?
Temples were built to house a sacred symbol of a particular god and were decorated with sculptural figures recalling episodes from mythology.
Who built the temples in India?
Although the present structure is from the 14th century, the temple itself is believed to have been built some 2,000 years ago by sage Vishwamitra. One of the few temples dedicated to Lord Brahma, the Jagatpita Brahma Temple is built of marble and stone with motifs of the hamsa, or a swan.