Article 29 of the Constitution of India has the word ‘minorities’ in its marginal heading but speaks of “any section of citizens having a distinct language script and culture”. …
Is minority defined in Indian Constitution?
While Article 30 and Article 29 of the Constitution do not specify ‘minorities’ in India, it is classified into religious minorities and linguistic minorities. The basic ground for a community to be nominated as a religious minority is the numerical strength of the community.
How is minority defined in India?
Minority communities in India includes Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. … Linguistic Minorities, according to Indian Constitution should have a Special Officer appointed. Constitutional Article: 350B. There shall be a Special Officer for linguistic minorities to be appointed by the President.
What is defined as a minority?
Minority, a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group. As the term is used in the social sciences, this subordinacy is the chief defining characteristic of a minority group. As such, minority status does not necessarily correlate to population.
WHO declared minority in India?
The Union Government set up the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. Initially five religious communities, viz., Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Zoroastrians (Parsis) were notified as minority communities by the Union Government.
Is the word minority defined in Constitution?
The Constitution does not define the term minority. The distinctiveness of a numerically inferior group is certainly recognised as a legal criterion to determine the minority status of any community.
Who comes under minority category?
Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and Zoroastrians (Parsis) are the main minorities in India. The new quota for minorities will be carved from an existing quota reserved for caste grouping called Other Backward Classes (OBC).
Is Roman Catholic minority in India?
Indian Christian Minority
As per 2001 census there are about 27 million Christians in India (2.5% Christians and among them 1.8 million Catholics, nearly equal to the population of Canada in 2001). Christianity is India’s largest religion after Hinduism and Islam.
Which religion is minority in India?
There are six religions in India which have been awarded “National minority” status—Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Zoroastrians (Parsis).
Is Sikh a minority in India?
With a total population of a little less than 20 million, the Sikhs are the third largest religious minority (after Muslims and Christians) group of India. … Over the years, the Indian Punjab has also come to be identified with the Sikhs, and they with the region.
Do you belong to minority?
Minorities are those who are Muslims, Christians, Jains, Buddhists, Zoroastrians and Sikhs. All these communities come under minorities in India. You should select the option as no if you don’t belong to any of the above mentioned minority communities.
What is minority with example?
The definition of a minority is a group of people that differ in some way from the majority of the population, or any part of a whole that is smaller than the other parts. … A person from a non-Caucasian race is an example of a minority.
How do we identify a minority?
According to Charles Wagley and Marvin Harris (1958), a minority group is distinguished by five characteristics: (1) unequal treatment and less power over their lives, (2) distinguishing physical or cultural traits like skin colour or language, (3) involuntary membership in the group, (4) awareness of subordination, …