East India Company was liquidated. Indian territories of Britain were to be governed in the name of the British Queen. The Court of Directors and the Board of Control were scrapped. The powers of the Company’s Court of Directors were vested with the Secretary of State for India.
What were the main provisions of the Act of 1858?
The Act was passed by the British Parliament on 2nd August 1858. The main Provisions of the Act of 1858 were as follows: 1. The rule of British East India Company was abolished and the Government of India was directly taken over by the Crown with Queen Victoria as the supreme monarch.
What was the significance of the Government of India Act 1858?
Government of India Act 1858 provided that India was to be governed directly and in the name of the crown. This act abolished the company rule, abolished the Court of directors and abolished the Board of control. This act abolished the Dual Government introduced by the Pitt’s India act.
What did the new act in 1858 mention Class 8?
The British Parliament passed a new Act in 1858 and transferred the powers of the East India Company to the British Crown (royal family). A member of the British Cabinet was appointed Secretary of State for India, and made responsible for all matters related to the governance of India.
What did the Government of India Act do?
Government of India Acts, succession of measures passed by the British Parliament between 1773 and 1935 to regulate the government of India. The act of 1813 broke the company’s trade monopoly and allowed missionaries to enter British India. …
What is the act of 1858 called?
The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (21 & 22 Vict. … Its provisions called for the liquidation of the British East India Company (who had up to this point been ruling British India under the auspices of Parliament) and the transference of its functions to the British Crown.
What are the salient features of the Government of India Acts of 1858 and 1909?
4) One Indian was to be appointed to the Viceroy’s executive council. 5) Separate electorate was introduced. Muslims were allocated 8 seats, British capitalists 6 seats, landlords 2 seats and general electorate were allocated 13 seats out of total 27 non-official seats of total 68 seats in Imperial Legislative Council.
Who was declared the leader of the revolt of 1857?
Bakht Khan, (born c. 1797—died 1859), commander in chief of rebel forces in the early stages of the anti-British Indian Mutiny (1857–58).
Who were ghazis Class 8?
Bakht Khan, a soldier from Bareilly, took charge of a large force of fighters who came to Delhi, and became a key military leader of the rebellion. In Bihar, an old zamindar, Kunwar Singh, joined the rebel sepoys and battled with the British for many months.
Why did revolt of 1857 failed?
The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. It was not planned and organized. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. The revolt did not spread to all the parts of India instead it was confined to the Northern and Central India.