Indus Waters Treaty, treaty, signed on September 19, 1960, between India and Pakistan and brokered by the World Bank.
What are the main features of the Indus Water Treaty between Pakistan and India?
India has about 20% of the total water carried by the Indus system while Pakistan has 80%. The treaty allows India to use the western river waters for limited irrigation use and unlimited non-consumptive use for such applications as power generation, navigation, floating of property, fish culture, etc.
Why was Indus Water Treaty necessary for Pakistan?
Why this treaty is important for Pakistan
While Chenab and Jhelum originate from India, Indus originates from China, making its way to Pakistan via India. The treaty clearly spells the do’s and don’ts for both countries; as it allows India to use only 20 per cent of the total water carried by the Indus river.
Which rivers flow from India to Pakistan?
The IWT allocates waters from three western flowing rivers – Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab – to Pakistan barring some limited uses for India in Jammu & Kashmir. India was given control of the entire water from the other three rivers – Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej.
Can India build dam on Indus?
Nearly 48 percent of the waters of these rivers run directly into India. … This Dam, to generate maximum electric power, will be of the storage type, as against run of the river types dams, as laid down in the Indus Water Treaty,( IWT ) which India can build on the three Western rivers, namely Indus, Jhelum and Chenab.
Does India supply water to Pakistan?
India is allocated the waters of the Sutlej, the Beas and the Ravi – the three less voluminous eastern tributaries of the Indus. More voluminous rivers, the Indus and its western tributaries, the Jhelum and Chenab went to Pakistan.
How do India and Pakistan share Indus water?
India and Pakistan signed a treaty for sharing of river waters of the Indus drainage system in 1960. The agreement was mediated by the World Bank and named as the Indus Waters Treaty. Under this treaty, Pakistan got a favourable division of waters of the six rivers of the Indus system.
Who settled the Indus Water Treaty between Pakistan and India?
After six years of talks, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan signed the Indus Waters Treaty in September 1960.
Can India divert Indus water?
The treaty sets out a mechanism for cooperation and information exchange between the two countries regarding their use of six rivers—Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum. …